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Babylonian Talmud: Tractate Baba Bathra
If three [corpses] were [similarly] found, [then], if [the distance] between them1 is from four, to eight [cubits], the area] is [to be considered] a grave-yard;2 and a search3 must [also] be made [over a distance of] twenty cubits,4 from that spot onwards. [If] at the end of twenty cubits a corpse is found, a search of [another] twenty cubits from that spot onwards must be made; for there is reasonable ground5 for the assumption6 [that even the single grave is an indication of the existence there of other graves]; although if [the single corpse] had been found first7 it should have been removed together with the earth surrounding it.8
The Master stated, 'from four to eight cubits'.9 According to whom [is this Mishnah]? If according to the Rabbis, surely they said [that the area of a grotto is to be] four cubits by six? If according to R. Simeon, surely he said [that the grotto must contain an area of] six [cubits] by eight? — [This Mishnah] is, in fact, [in agreement with] R. Simeon; but it is [in accordance with the version of R. Simeon's view as reported by] the following Tanna. For it has been taught: 'If they10 were found close to one another, and there was not a distance of four to eight cubits between them, the earth surrounding their bodies belongs to them but they do not constitute the ground as a graveyard. R. Simeon b. Judah said in the name of R. Simeon: The intervening ones are regarded as if they did not exist and the rest are combined,11 [if the distance is] from four to eight cubits'.12 Since this13 has been assumed to be in accordance with R. Simeon, explain the final clause [which reads]: A search must [also] be made [over a distance of] twenty cubits from that spot onwards. According to whom [is this]? If according to R. Simeon, [the distance] should be twenty-two;14 if according to the Rabbis,15 it should be eighteen?16 It may, in fact, be according to the Rabbis but there is a possibility that he made the search diagonally.17 But since the one [grotto is assumed to be searched] diagonally, the other also [should be assumed to be searched] diagonally [and, consequently, the distance] should be twenty-two [cubits]?18 — One diagonal [search] is expected; two diagonal [searches] are not.19
Baba Bathra 102b
R. Shisha b. R. Idi said: It1 may, in fact, be in accordance with the view of R. Simeon,2 but here it dealt with the case of miscarriages.3 But since the one [is] for miscarriages, the other also [should be] for miscarriages, [and the distance] should, [consequently], be eighteen [cubits]! — One [grotto] for miscarriages is assumed, two [grottos] for miscarriages are not.
Contradictions were pointed out between two statements of the Rabbis4 and [also] between two statements of R. Simeon. For we learnt:5 [If] a vineyard is planted on [an area of] less than four cubits, R. Simeon says it is not [regarded as] a vineyard, and the Sages say: [It is regarded as] a vineyard, the intervening vines being treated as if they were not in existence. [Is not the statement] of the Rabbis [there]6 contradictory to their statement [with reference to corpses];7 and [the statement there] of R. Simeon8 contradictory to his [statement here]?9 — There is no contradiction between the two statements of R. Simeon; [for] there, people do not plant [vines] with the object of pulling10 [them] out, [but] here, [a burial] may sometimes take place at twilight and [the corpse] is put down temporarily.11 There is also no contradiction between the two statements of the Rabbis; [for] here, since [the body] is disgraced, [the spot] cannot be designated a grave,12 [but] there, [the owner, when planting the vines] may think whichever tree will be sound will remain,13 and whichever is a failure will be [used] for firewood.14
MISHNAH. IF ONE SAYS TO ANOTHER: 'I SELL YOU A BETH KOR15 OF ARABLE LAND',16 [AND] IT CONTAINED CLEFTS TEN HANDBREADTHS DEEP, OR ROCKS TEN HANDBREADTHS HIGH, THESE ARE NOT TO BE MEASURED WITH IT. [IF THEY ARE] LESS THAN THIS,17 THEY ARE TO BE MEASURED WITH IT. IF, HOWEVER, HE SAID TO HIM, 'ABOUT A BETH KOR OF ARABLE LAND, EVEN IF [THE LAND] CONTAINED CLEFTS DEEPER THAN TEN, OR ROCKS HIGHER THAN TEN HANDBREADTHS, THEY ARE TO MEASURED WITH IT.
GEMARA. We learnt elsewhere: He who consecrates his field18 in the time [when the laws] of the jubilee year19 [are in force], must pay for an area in which a homer20 of barley may be sown, fifty shekels of silver.20 If it contained clefts ten handbreadths deep, or rocks ten handbreadths high
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